Travel guide to Tajikistan from India: The country with 2000+ lakes

Calling all those who crave adventure beyond the usual tourist trail. Today, we're packing our bags for Tajikistan, a hidden gem nestled in the heart of Central Asia. This place isn't just another country on the map; it's a landlocked wonderland boasting over 2,000 sparkling alpine lakes – that's right, over TWO THOUSAND! Imagine, folks, crystal-clear waters reflecting snow-capped peaks – pure postcard perfection!

Read more: Travel Guide to Russia from India

Why Tajikistan?

Fann mountains, Tajikistan.Fann mountains. Tajikistan.

Think of Tajikistan as the cooler cousin of the Himalayas. It offers stunning mountain landscapes, dramatic gorges, and ancient Silk Road history, minus the crowds. Here, you can truly escape the ordinary and experience a culture steeped in warmth and hospitality. Plus, for us Indians, the time difference is minimal, making it an easy escape for a truly unique adventure.

Planning Your Tajik Adventure from India: A Step-by-Step Guide

visaSo, you're hooked on the idea of exploring Tajikistan, the land of sky-piercing peaks and pristine lakes? Here's a breakdown to help you plan your unforgettable trip from India:

Visa on Arrival: Unlike some Central Asian countries, getting a Tajik visa is a breeze for Indians! You can get a visa upon arrival at Dushanbe Airport, the capital city. Here's what you'll need:

  • A valid Indian passport with at least 6 months validity from your intended arrival date.

  • Two completed visa application forms (usually provided at the airport).

  • Two passport-sized photographs.

  • Proof of onward travel (flight ticket out of Tajikistan).

  • Proof of sufficient funds for your stay (bank statement or credit card).

  • Travel insurance (highly recommended).

Flights and Getting There:

There are no direct flights between India and Tajikistan. However, several airlines offer connecting flights with layovers in cities like Dubai, Istanbul, or Almaty. Depending on your chosen route, travel time can range from 8 to 12 hours. Keep an eye out for deals, especially during the off-season (October to April).

Travel Routes:

Travel Here are a few popular travel routes for exploring Tajikistan:

  • The Pamir Highway Adventure: Fly into Dushanbe and embark on a road trip along the legendary Pamir Highway. This epic journey takes you through dramatic mountain landscapes and past serene lakes. You can rent a car or join a guided tour for a hassle-free experience.

  • Cultural Immersion in Dushanbe: Spend a few days exploring Dushanbe, Tajikistan's capital city. Visit the National Museum to delve into the country's rich history, wander through bustling bazaars, and soak up the local vibes. From Dushanbe, you can take day trips to nearby historical sites like Hissar Fortress.

  • Lakes and Peaks Exploration: Fly into Khujand, Tajikistan's second-largest city, for easier access to the northern region's natural wonders. Explore the serene lakes of Iskanderkul and Bulunkul, or embark on a trek in the Fan Mountains, a paradise for nature lovers.

Pro Tip: When planning your itinerary, factor in travel time between destinations. Tajikistan is a vast country, and distances can be deceiving on a map.

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AccommodationTajikistan offers a variety of accommodation options to suit your budget and travel style. In major cities like Dushanbe and Khujand, you'll find a good selection of hotels, ranging from budget-friendly guesthouses to luxurious five-star properties. In smaller towns and villages, homestays are a great way to experience local hospitality and get a glimpse into Tajik culture.

Currency Exchange:

Tajikistan's currencyTajikistan's currency

Tajikistan's currency is the Tajikistani somoni (TJS). You can exchange Indian rupees (INR) for somoni at currency exchange offices in Dushanbe Airport and major cities. ATMs are becoming more prevalent, but it's always wise to carry some cash, especially in remote areas.


Tajiki is the official language of Tajikistan. However, Russian is also widely spoken, especially in urban areas. Learning a few basic Tajik phrases like "Salom" (hello), "Rahmat" (thank you), and "Tashakur" (please) will go a long way in connecting with the locals.

Lakes Galore: Dive into Pristine Beauty

Tajikistan, a landlocked country nestled in the heart of Central Asia, boasts over 2,000 sparkling alpine lakes. Imagine crystal-clear waters reflecting snow-capped peaks – pure postcard perfection!

Here's a guide to some of the most popular lakes in Tajikistan:

Iskanderkul Lake, Tajikistan

Iskanderkul Lake, TajikistanThe most visited lake in Tajikistan, Iskanderkul Lake is named after Alexander the Great, who is believed to have passed by it on his way to India. Nestled amidst the dry yet spectacular mountains, the lake's turquoise waters are a sight to behold. Legend says that during a hot summer, Alexander's troops were saved by the cool waters of this lake. You can spend a relaxing time here, picnicking by the shore, or go for a boat ride.

Read more: 18 offbeat destinations in India to travel this summer!

Seven Lakes, Tajikistan

Seven Lakes, TajikistanAlso known as Haft Kul or Marguzor Lakes, the Seven Lakes are a series of pristine, turquoise lakes located in the western part of the Fann Mountains. Formed by natural dams after an earthquake, these lakes offer stunning scenery. Each lake is said to have unique healing properties. You can trek to the lakes or take a jeep ride.

Sarez Lake, Tajikistan

Sarez Lake, TajikistanImg:

One of the deepest lakes in Tajikistan, Sarez Lake is a marvel of nature. This young lake was formed in 1911 by a massive earthquake that triggered a landslide, blocking the Murghab River. The resulting lake is surrounded by dramatic mountains and is said to change colors depending on the light. It's important to note that while the scenery is stunning, the lake is considered remote and getting there requires special permission.

Bulunkul Lake, Tajikistan

Bulunkul Lake, TajikistanNicknamed the "Blue Pearl of the Pamirs," Bulunkul Lake is a photographer's paradise. Located at an altitude of almost 4,000 meters, the lake's turquoise waters are a stark contrast to the surrounding barren mountains. Getting to Bulunkul Lake is an adventure in itself, as it requires a challenging trek through the Pamir Mountains.

Karakul Lake, Tajikistan

Karakul Lake, TajikistanThe largest lake in Tajikistan, Karakul Lake is a high-altitude lake situated at over 3,900 meters above sea level. This saltwater lake is known for its unique dark blue color and is surrounded by snow-capped peaks. While swimming is not recommended due to the cold temperatures and high altitude, you can enjoy a scenic boat ride or simply admire the majestic views.

Read more: 12 Offbeat Places in India Will Make You Forget Your Travel Plans Abroad This April

Jewel in the Crown: The Pamir Mountains

Pamir Mountains, TajikistanThe Pamir Mountains, also known as the "Roof of the World," are the undisputed stars of Tajikistan. Think jagged peaks piercing the sky, carved by glaciers over millennia. Trekkers, rejoice! This is your playground, with trails for every level, from gentle hikes to heart-pumping expeditions. And for those seeking a gentler pace, there are scenic drives that will leave you breathless. Just imagine cruising along the Pamir Highway, with snow-capped giants on one side and turquoise lakes on the other – pure magic!

Cultural Delights: A Warm Welcome Awaits

Tajik culture is a beautiful blend of Persian and Turkic influences. The people are known for their warm hospitality, and you'll likely be offered steaming cups of fragrant tea (chai, anyone?) and delicious local delicacies. The country boasts a rich cultural tapestry, influenced by its position along the ancient Silk Road. Here's a glimpse into some of the delights that await you:

Traditional Crafts:

Traditional, TajikistanTajikistan has a vibrant tradition of handicrafts, passed down through generations. Explore bustling bazaars and discover intricately embroidered clothing, hand-woven carpets adorned with bold colors and geometric patterns, and beautiful pottery with unique designs. These handcrafted items make for perfect souvenirs and a reminder of your Tajik adventure.

Music and Dance:

Tajikistan danceImg: Ata Silent/ pintrest

Tajik culture is deeply intertwined with music and dance. The soulful melodies of the rubab, a stringed lute, and the energetic beats of the doira, a frame drum, will transport you to another world. Witness folk dances like the whirling "flamenco-esque" Suzani dance, where women in colorful gowns gracefully twirl, or the energetic all-male بخارا (Bukhara) dance, known for its acrobatic leaps and synchronized movements. These vibrant performances offer a window into Tajik traditions and celebrations.

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Ancient Cities and Historical Sites:

Hissar Fortress, TajikistanHissar Fortress, Tajikistan Img: Ninara

History buffs will find Tajikistan a treasure trove. Explore the ruins of ancient Silk Road cities like Penjikent, or marvel at the imposing Hissar Fortress, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Step back in time at the National Museum in Dushanbe, which houses artifacts spanning millennia.

Culinary Journey Through Tajikistan:

Tajikistan's cuisine is a delicious adventure for the taste buds, offering a unique blend of influences from its Persian, Turkic, and Afghan neighbors. While plov (spiced rice with meat and vegetables) is the national dish, there's a whole world of flavors waiting to be explored. Here's a deeper dive into the culinary delights of Tajikistan:


QurotobImg: 196 flavors

This refreshing salad is a must-try. Imagine fluffy flatbreads torn into pieces and served with a bed of chopped tomatoes, cucumbers, and onions. A dollop of creamy kurt (dried fermented cheese curds) adds a tangy twist, while a drizzle of fragrant linseed or cottonseed oil ties it all together.


MantuThese steamed dumplings are a crowd-pleaser. Delicate dough pockets are filled with seasoned ground meat, usually lamb or beef, and then steamed to perfection. They are served with a dollop of sour cream or a tangy tomato sauce for dipping.

Also see: 18 Must-Eat Street Food at Japanese Matsuris

Oshi Tupa:

Oshi TupaImg: Рецепты узбекской и таджикской кухни

Don't let the name fool you – Oshi Tupa is a vegetarian's dream! This dish features a base of rice and noodles, topped with a colorful medley of peas, turnips, greens, and a variety of seasonal vegetables. It's a healthy and flavorful explosion in every bite.


KaurdakFor the adventurous eater, try kaurdak – a hearty dish featuring diced meat (lamb or beef) fried with potatoes and onions. It's a simple yet flavorful dish, perfect for a filling lunch.


ShashlykImg: Whats4eats

Meat lovers can rejoice! Shashlyk, marinated skewers of grilled lamb or beef, are a popular street food and a mainstay at outdoor gatherings. The smoky flavor and succulent meat are sure to tantalize your taste buds.

Read more: Complete Travel Guide to visit Holy Vatican City, Rome from India

So, what are you waiting for? Tajikistan awaits with its stunning scenery, rich culture, and those 2,000+ sparkling lakes calling your name. Get ready for an adventure that will leave you wanting more!

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