10 Unique Festivals of India that we bet you didn't know about

India, a land of myriad cultures, traditions, and celebrations, is renowned for its vibrant festivals that showcase the rich tapestry of its diverse heritage. While festivals like Diwali, Holi, and Navratri are well-known worldwide, there are numerous other festivals that are equally fascinating but often overlooked. In this travel blog post, we'll delve into the lesser-known yet captivating festivals of India that offer a glimpse into the country's unique customs and traditions.

Also Read: Festivals that you can attend in India on January to April 2024

1. Hornbill Festival - Nagaland:

Nestled in the northeastern state of Nagaland, the Hornbill Festival is a mesmerizing celebration of the indigenous Naga tribes. Held annually in the first week of December, this festival pays homage to the majestic bird, the hornbill, revered by the Naga people. Visitors are treated to a spectacle of traditional dances, folk music performances, indigenous games, and mouth-watering Naga cuisine. The festival offers a rare opportunity to immerse oneself in the vibrant culture and traditions of the Naga tribes amidst the scenic backdrop of the Northeastern hills.

Hornbill Festival

2. Hemis Festival - Ladakh:

Located in the remote region of Ladakh in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, the Hemis Festival is a vibrant Buddhist celebration that attracts pilgrims and tourists from across the globe. Held annually at the Hemis Monastery, the largest and wealthiest Buddhist monastery in Ladakh, this festival commemorates the birth anniversary of Guru Padmasambhava, the founder of Tibetan Buddhism. The highlight of the festival is the mesmerizing masked dance performances by the lamas (monks), depicting various spiritual themes and legends. Visitors can also witness traditional rituals, vibrant processions, and enjoy local delicacies during this colorful extravaganza.

Hemis Festival

3. Pushkar Camel Fair - Rajasthan:

The Pushkar Camel Fair, held annually in the quaint town of Pushkar in the desert state of Rajasthan, is one of the most iconic and unique festivals of India. This vibrant carnival brings together thousands of camels, horses, and livestock traders from across Rajasthan and neighboring states. Apart from the bustling livestock market, the fair also features cultural events such as camel races, folk music, dance performances, and competitions like the longest mustache contest. Visitors can also explore the holy Pushkar Lake and the famous Brahma Temple while soaking in the festive atmosphere of this traditional Rajasthani fair.

Pushkar Camel Fair

4. Ziro Music Festival - Arunachal Pradesh:

For music enthusiasts and nature lovers alike, the Ziro Music Festival held in the picturesque Ziro Valley of Arunachal Pradesh offers a unique and unforgettable experience. Set against the backdrop of lush green hills and rice fields, this four-day music extravaganza showcases the best of indie, folk, and electronic music from across India and around the world. The festival not only promotes musical talent but also fosters cultural exchange and sustainable tourism in the remote northeastern region. Camping under the starlit sky, exploring the scenic trails, and soaking in the soulful melodies amidst the tranquil surroundings make the Ziro Music Festival a must-visit for every traveler.

Ziro Music Festival

5. Bihu Festival - Assam:

Celebrated with great fervor and joy in the northeastern state of Assam, the Bihu Festival is a colorful harvest festival that marks the beginning of the Assamese New Year. Divided into three phases - Rongali Bihu (spring), Bhogali Bihu (harvest), and Kongali Bihu (autumn), this festival is characterized by vibrant folk dances, melodious Bihu songs, and traditional feasts. The highlight of the Rongali Bihu is the energetic Bihu dance performed by young men and women dressed in traditional attire, accompanied by the rhythmic beats of the dhol (drum) and pepa (flute). Visitors can also indulge in traditional Assamese delicacies like pitha (rice cakes), laru (coconut laddoos), and various fish dishes during this festive season.

Bihu Festival

6. Shikarji Mahotsav - Jharkhand:

Located amidst the pristine hills of Jharkhand, Shikarji is one of the most sacred pilgrimage sites for Jains around the world. Every year, during the auspicious occasion of Mahavir Jayanti, the Shikarji Mahotsav is celebrated with great pomp and grandeur. Devotees flock to this revered pilgrimage site to pay homage to Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, and seek spiritual blessings. The festival is marked by religious ceremonies, recitation of Jain scriptures, meditation sessions, and charitable activities. The tranquil surroundings of Shikarji, coupled with the spiritual fervor of the festival, offer a serene retreat for seekers of inner peace and enlightenment.

Shikarji Mahotsav

7. Pongal - Tamil Nadu:

Pongal, also known as the Harvest Festival of Tamil Nadu, is a joyous celebration that marks the auspicious occasion of the winter solstice and the onset of the harvest season. Held over four days in the month of January, Pongal is a time for feasting, festivities, and thanksgiving to the Sun God for a bountiful harvest. The highlight of the festival is the traditional Pongal dish, a sweet rice pudding cooked in clay pots and offered to the deities as a symbol of gratitude. Decorated with colorful kolam (rangoli) designs, households come alive with the aroma of freshly cooked delicacies, folk music, and dance performances during this vibrant festival.


8. Goa Carnival - Goa:

Known as the "Carnival Capital of India," Goa comes alive with color, music, and revelry during the annual Goa Carnival, celebrated in the weeks leading up to Lent. Influenced by Portuguese traditions, this lively festival features extravagant parades, vibrant floats, street performances, and masked balls. Visitors can immerse themselves in the festive spirit by participating in costume contests, enjoying live music and dance performances, and savoring delicious Goan cuisine and feni (local liquor). The Goa Carnival offers a unique blend of culture, history, and entertainment, making it a must-visit for travelers seeking a taste of Goa's vibrant heritage.

Goa Carnival

9. Onam - Kerala:

Onam, the state festival of Kerala, is a grand harvest festival that celebrates the homecoming of the mythical King Mahabali. Held annually in the month of Chingam (August-September), Onam is a time for families to come together, exchange gifts, and indulge in elaborate feasts known as Onam Sadya. The festival is marked by colorful floral decorations, traditional dance performances such as Kathakali and Pulikali (tiger dance), and spectacular boat races known as Vallamkali. Onam offers a glimpse into Kerala's rich cultural heritage, hospitality, and culinary delights, making it a memorable experience for visitors.


10. Kumbh Mela - Various Locations:

Last but not least, the Kumbh Mela is one of the largest and most awe-inspiring religious gatherings in the world, drawing millions of pilgrims and tourists to the banks of sacred rivers across India. Held every twelve years in four different locations - Prayagraj (formerly Allahabad), Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain - the Kumbh Mela is a celebration of faith, spirituality, and collective devotion. Pilgrims take holy dips in the sacred rivers to cleanse their sins and attain moksha (liberation), while sadhus (holy men) and saints impart spiritual teachings and blessings. The Kumbh Mela is a testament to India's ancient traditions, cultural diversity, and spiritual heritage, making it a truly extraordinary experience for all who witness it.

Kumbh Mela

In conclusion, India's diverse cultural landscape is dotted with a myriad of festivals, each offering a unique glimpse into the country's rich tapestry of traditions, beliefs, and customs. From the tranquil hills of Ladakh to the vibrant streets of Goa, these festivals captivate the senses and leave an indelible imprint on the hearts of travelers. Whether you're seeking spiritual enlightenment, cultural immersion, or simply an unforgettable adventure, India's lesser-known festivals promise a truly enchanting experience that will stay with you long after the festivities have ended.

So why not pack your bags, embark on a journey of discovery, and witness the magic of India's hidden treasures unfold before your eyes?

Also Read: Top 10 places to celebrate Shivratri in India

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